Pollarding involves cutting branches back to the same point to control the growth of a tree.
Pollarding is a practical technique to used on trees which are not able to grow naturally due to confined spaces or to prevent trees impacting on nearby structures.
Coppicing involves cutting down a tree or stem to a stump, which then allows it to regrow multiple stems. This is a method primarily used in woodland management but can be carried out to domestic tree surgery. Examples of trees suitable for coppicing include Willow, Ash, Silver birch and Hazel.
The reasons for coppicing include:
Preventing a tree to grow too large for its location
To allow the crown of a tree to grow up from ground level providing aesthetics and screening